February 19, 2008




1. Personal


Rowan F. Sage                        Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology

Date of Birth: Sept. 2, 1958             University of Toronto           

Phone: 416-978-7660                   25 Willcocks St.

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.            Toronto, ON  M5S3B2 Canada


2. Degrees


Ph.D., Botany             August, 1986,             University of California, Davis

Dissertation:             Nitrogen Use Efficiency in C3 and C4 Plants

Advisor:             Dr. Robert Pearcy


M.Sc., Botany            June, 1982            University of California, Davis

B.A., Biology               June, 1980             Colorado College   


3. Employment


Professor, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology  7-04 to present

Chair, Department of Botany      7-04 to 7-06


4. Research Interests


Plant physiological ecology; plant acclimation and adaptation, particularly to CO2 and temperature; photosynthesis and the environment; C4 photosynthesis; the evolution of C4 photosynthesis; stress physiology; global change biology; bioenergy.


B. Selected Peer-Reviewed Publications


Sage, R.F. (1994) Photosynthetic acclimation to elevated CO2.  The gas exchange perspective.  Photosyn  Res.  39:351-368


Sage, R.F., J. Santrucek,  and D.J. Grise (1995) Temperature effects on the photosynthetic response of C3 plants to long-term CO2 enrichment.  Vegetatio 121:67-77


Cowling, S.A. and R.F. Sage (1998) Interactive effects of low atmospheric CO2 and elevated temperature on growth, photosynthesis and respiration in Phaseolus vulgaris.  Plant, Cell and Environ. 21:427-435.


Sage, R.F. and J.R. Coleman (2001) Low CO2 effects on plants:more than a thing of the past. Trends in Plant Science 6: 18-24



Sage RF (2001) Environmental and evolutionary preconditions for the origin and diversification of the C4 photosynthetic syndrome. Plant Biology 3:202-213


Sage RF (2002) Are CAM and C4 photosynthesis incompatible? Australian J Plant Physiology 29:775-785


Sage RF (2002) Variation in the molar activity of Rubisco in C3 and C4 plants with some implications for photosynthetic performance at high and low temperature. J Experimental Botany 369:609-620


Sage RF (2002) How Terrestrial Organisms Sense, Signal and Respond to Carbon Dioxide.

       Comparative and Integrative Biology 42:469-480


Kubien, D.S., von Caemmerer, S., Furbank, R. Sage, R.F. (2003) C4 photosynthesis at low temperature: a study using transgenic plants with reduced amounts of Rubisco. Plant Physiology. 132:1577-1585.


 Sage, R.F., Kubien D.S. (2003) Quo Vadis C4?  An Ecophysiological Perspective on Global Change and the future of C4 Plants. Photosynthesis Research. 77:209-225


Kocacinar, F., Sage R.F. (2003) Photosynthetic pathway alters xylem structure and hydraulic function in herbaceous plants.  Plant, Cell Environment 26:2015-2026


Sage, R.F. (2004) The evolution of C4 Photosynthesis. New Phytologist 161: 341-370.


Kubien, D.K. and Sage, R.F. (2004) Low temperature photosynthetic performance in C4 and C3 grasses native to high latitudes. Plant Cell and Environment, 27:907-916.




Campbell, C.C. , Sage, R.F., Kocacinar F., and Way, D.A.  (2005) Estimation of the whole-plant CO2 compensation point of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.). Global Change Biology. 11: 1956-1967.


Sage, RF and McKown, AD (2006) Is C4 photosynthesis less phenotypically plastic than C3 photosynthesis? Journal of Experimental Botany 57:303-317.


Campbell, C.C. and Sage, R.F, Kocacinar F.and Way DA (2006) Interactions between the effects of atmospheric CO2 content and phosphorous nutrition on photosynthesis in white lupin (Lupinus albus L.). Plant Cell and Environment 29:844-853


Muhaidat, R., Sage, R.F., Dengler, N.G. (2007) Diversity of Kranz anatomy and biochemistry in C4 eudicots. American Journal of Botany. 94:362-381.


Sage, R.F., Kubien, D. K. (2007) The temperature response of C3 and C4 photosynthesis. Plant, Cell and Environment. 30:1086-1107.


Vogan, P.J., Frohlich, M.W. and Sage, R.F. (2007) The functional significance of C3-C4 intermediate traits in Heliotropium L. (Boraginaceae): gas exchange perspective. Plant Cell and Environment 30: 1337-1345.


Makino, A. and Sage, R.F. (2007)  Temperature response of photosynthesis in transgenic rice transgenic rice transformed with  ‘sense’ or ‘antisense constructs’  with  rbcs. Plant Cell Physiology 48:1472-1483.


Way, D.A. and Sage R.F. (2008) Elevated temperatures reduce the carbon gain of black spruce (Picea mariana (Mill.) B.S.P.). Global Change Biology  14:624-636.


Kubien, D.S.  and Sage R.F. (2008) The temperature response of tobacco with reduced amounts of Rubisco.  Plant Cell and Environment 31: 407-418.


Sage, R.F., Way, D.A., Kubien D.S. (2008) Rubisco, Rubisco activase, and global climate change. Journal of Experimental Botany 59: 1581-1595.


Way, D.A. and Sage R.F. (2008) Thermal acclimation of photosynthesis in black spruce (Picea mariana (Mill.) B.S.P.). Plant Cell and Environment 31:1250-1262.


Sage, R.F., Coiner H.A., Way, D.A., Runion GB, Prior SA,  Torbert H.A., Sicher R. and Ziska L. (2008) Kudzu [Pueraria montana (Lour.) Merr. variety lobata]: a new source of carbohydrate for bioethanol production. Biomass and Bioenergy. 33:57-61.


C. Books edited


Sage, R.F. and Monson, R.K. eds. C4 Plant Biology, 1999. Academic Press, San Diego.


Raghavendra A and Sage R.F., eds. 2009. C4 photosynthesis and Related CO2 Concentrating Mechanisms. Springer. Berlin (in press).




1.          Associate Editor – Global Change Biology

2.         Editorial Board – Oecologia

3.         Editorial board - Photosynthesis Research

4.         Editorial board – Plant Cell and Environment