1 Horta Nogueira, L. A., Leal, M. R. L. V., Fernandes, E. et al. (2015). Sustainable Development and Innovation. In: Souza, G. M., Victoria, R., Joly, C., & Verdade, L. (Eds.). (2015). Bioenergy & Sustainability: Bridging the gaps (vol. 72, p. 188). Paris: SCOPE. ISBN 978-2-9545557-0-6. Available at: http://bioenfapesp.org/scopebioenergy/images/chapters/bioen-scope_chapter06.pdf

2 Africa Energy Outlook: Executive Summary. OECD/IEA (2014). Available at: http://www.iea.org/publications/freepublications/publication/AEO_ES_English.pdf

3 Lambert, J. G, Hall, C. A. S., Balogh, S. et al. (2014). Energy, EROI and quality of life. Energy Policy 64: 153-167.

4 Johnson, F. X., Ochieng, C., Jumbe, C. et al. (2015). Investigating ecology and poverty dimensions of biomass use and energy access: methodological issues. Discussion Brief, Stockholm Environment Institute: Stockholm.

5 Kilabuko, J. H. and Nakai. S. (2007). Effects of cooking fuels on acute respiratory infections in children in Tanzania. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 4(4): 283-288 and Mishra, M. (2003). Indoor air pollution from biomass combustion and acute respiratory illness in preschool age children in Zimbabwe. International Journal of Epidemiology 32:847-853.

6 Diaz-Chavez, R., Johnson, F.X. et al. (2015). Biomass Resources, Energy Access and Poverty Reduction. In: Souza, G. M., Victoria, R., Joly, C., & Verdade, L. (Eds.). (2015). Bioenergy & Sustainability: Bridging the gaps (Vol. 72, p. 720). Paris: SCOPE. ISBN 978-2-9545557-0-6. Available at: http://bioenfapesp.org/scopebioenergy/images/chapters/bioen-scope_chapter21.pdf

7 Africa's first grid-connected biogas plant powers up. REUTERS (2017). Available at: https://www.reuters.com/article/kenya-energy-biogas/africas-first-grid-connected-biogas-plant-powers-up-idUSL5N1EZ1KL

8 Foust, T. D., Arent, D., Macedo, I. C. et al. (2015). Energy Security. In: Souza, G. M., Victoria, R., Joly, C., & Verdade, L. (Eds.). (2015). Bioenergy & Sustainability: Bridging the gaps (Vol. 72, p. 61). Paris: SCOPE. ISBN 978-2-9545557-0-6. Available at: http://bioenfapesp.org/scopebioenergy/images/chapters/bioen-scope_chapter03.pdf

Jaiswal, D., De Souza, A. P., Larsen, S. et al. (2017) Brazilian sugarcane ethanol as an expandable green alternative to crude oil use. Nature Climate Change 7: 788-792.

10 Balanço Energético Nacional. Empresa de Pesquisa Energética, Brasil (2016). Available at: https://ben.epe.gov.br/

11 Technology Roadmap on Bioenergy. IEA (2017). Available at: http://www.iea.org/publications/freepublications/publication/Technology_Roadmap_Delivering_Sustainable_Bioenergy.pdf

12 Technology Roadmap: Bioenergy for Heat and Power. IEA (2012). Available at: http://www.iea.org/publications/freepublications/publication/IEA_Bioenergy_Roadmap_FoldOut_2ndEdition_WEB.pdf  

13 Sugarcane’s Role in Fueling the Economy. Climate Policy Initiative (2016). Available at: https://climatepolicyinitiative.org/publication/sugarcanes-role-fueling-economy/

14 The World Food Programme: Year in Review. World Food Programme (2015). Available at: https://documents.wfp.org/stellent/groups/public/documents/communications/wfp284681.pdf?_ga=2.204561107.295721395.1530043313-661087913.1530043313  

15 Osseweijer, P., Watson, H. et al. (2015). Bioenergy and Food Security. In: Souza, G. M., Victoria, R., Joly, C., & Verdade, L. (Eds.). Bioenergy & Sustainability: Bridging the gaps (Vol. 72, pp. 91-136). Paris: SCOPE. ISBN 978-2-9545557-0-6. Available at: http://bioenfapesp.org/scopebioenergy/images/chapters/bioen-scope_chapter04.pdf  

16 Lynd, L. R., Sow, M., Chimphango, A. F. A. et al. (2015). Bioenergy and African transformation. Biotechnology for Biofuels 8:18.

17 Diaz-Chavez, R. et al. (2015). Social Considerations. In: Souza, G. M., Victoria, R., Joly, C., & Verdade, L. (Eds.). (2015). Bioenergy & Sustainability: Bridging the gaps (Vol. 72, pp. 528-552). Paris: SCOPE. ISBN 978-2-9545557-0-6. Available at: http://bioenfapesp.org/scopebioenergy/images/chapters/bioen-scope_chapter15.pdf

18 Verdade, L. M., Piña, C. I., Rosalino, L. M. (2015). Biofuels and biodiversity: Challenges and opportunities. Environmental Development 15:64-78.

19 Alexandratos, N. and Bruinsma, J. (2012). World agriculture towards 2030/2050: the 2012 revision. ESA Working paper No. 12-03. Rome, FAO.

20 Souza, G. M., Victoria, R., Joly, C., & Verdade, L. (Eds.). (2015). Bioenergy & Sustainability: Bridging the gaps (Vol. 72, Executive Summary). Paris: SCOPE. ISBN 978-2-9545557-0-6. Available at: http://bioenfapesp.org/scopebioenergy/images/chapters/bioen-scope_executive%20sumary.pdf

21 Mason, P. M., Glover, K., Smith, J. A. C. et al. (2015). The potential of CAM crops as a globally significant bioenergy resource: moving from ‘fuel or food’ to ‘fuel and more food’. Energy Environ. Sci. 8: 2320-2329.

22 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Latin_America

23 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sub-Saharan_Africa

24 Woods, J. et al. (2015). Land and Bioenergy. In: Souza, G. M., Victoria, R., Joly, C., & Verdade, L. (Eds.). (2015). Bioenergy & Sustainability: Bridging the gaps (Vol. 72, p. 258-300). Paris: SCOPE. ISBN 978-2-9545557-0-6. Available at: http://bioenfapesp.org/scopebioenergy/images/chapters/bioen-scope_chapter09.pdf

25 FAO, IFAD and WFP (2015). The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2015. Meeting the 2015 international hunger targets: taking stock of uneven progress. Rome, FAO.

26 Achterbosch, T., Meijerink, G., Slingerland, M., Smeets, E. Combining bioenergy production and food security. May 2013. Final report. The Netherlands Programmes for Sustainable Biomass. Available at: http://www.globalbioenergy.org/uploads/media/1305_NL_Agency_-__Combining_biomass_production_and_food_security.pdf

27 Ambrosano, E. J., Cantarella, H.,  Ambrosano, G. M. B. et al. (2013). Crop Rotation Biomass and Effects on Sugarcane Yield in Brazil. In: Matovic, M. D. (Ed.) (2013). Biomass Now - Cultivation and Utilization, InTechOpen, ISBN: 978-953-51-1106-1.

28 Karp, A., Artaxo Netto, P. E. et al. (2015). Environmental and Climate Security. In: Souza, G. M., Victoria, R., Joly, C., & Verdade, L. (Eds.). (2015). Bioenergy & Sustainability: Bridging the gaps (Vol. 72, p. 161). Paris: SCOPE. ISBN 978-2-9545557-0-6. Available at: http://bioenfapesp.org/scopebioenergy/images/chapters/bioen-scope_chapter05.pdf  

29 Niang, I., Ruppel, O. C., Abdrabo, M. A. et al. (2014). Africa. In: Barros, V. R., Field, C. B., Dokken, D. J., Mastrandrea, M. D., Mach, K. J. et al. (Eds.) (2014). Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Part B: Regional Aspects. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, pp. 1199-1265.

30 Magrin, G., Gay García, C., Cruz Choque, D. et al. (2007). Latin America. In: M.L. Parry, O.F. Canziani, J.P. Palutikof et al. (Eds.) (2007). Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom, pp. 581-615.

31 Buckeridge, M. S., Souza, A. P., Arundale, R. A. et al. (2012). Ethanol from sugarcane in Brazil: a “midway” strategy for increasing ethanol production while maximizing environmental benefits. GCB Bioenergy 4:119-126.

32 WHO releases country estimates on air pollution exposure and health impact. World Health Organization (2016). Available at: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2016/air-pollution-estimates/en/

33 Salvo, A., Brito, J., Artaxo, P. and Geiger, F. M. (2017). Reduced ultrafine particle levels in São Paulo’s atmosphere during shifts from gasoline to ethanol use. Nature Communications 8: 77.

34 Renewable Energy and Jobs: Annual Review 2017. IRENA (2017). Available at: https://www.irena.org/DocumentDownloads/Publications/IRENA_RE_Jobs_Annual_Review_2017.pdf

35 World Energy Outlook 2015 Special Report: Energy and Climate Change. OECD/IEA (2015). Available at: https://webstore.iea.org/weo-2015-special-report-energy-and-climate-change

36 Coady, D., Parry, I. W. H., Sears, L. and Shang, B. (2015). How large are global energy subsidies? IMF Working paper. WP/15/105. ISBN/ISSN:9781513532196/1018-5941.

37 Trindade, S. C. (2009). The sustainability of biofuels depends on international trade. Energy Sources, Part A 31:1680-1686.

38 Such as in this recently established multinational cooperation: http://biofutureplatform.org

Copyright © 2013 SCOPE Bioenergy. All rights reserved.