Biofuel Technologies and their Implications for Water and Land Use
Day One - 10/08/2009
8:00 - 8:30 Reception
8:30 - 9:30 Opening remarks and introductions
Marco Antônio Zago - President of CNPq
Carlos Henrique de Brito Cruz - Scientific Director of FAPESP
Cynthia Singleton - NSF
Ernesto Quiles - MINCYT
9:30 - 10:00 Coffee break
Keynote presentations I (20min + 10min for questions)
10:00 - 10:30 - Carlos Henrique de Brito Cruz (FAPESP-Brazil)
10:30 - 11:00 - John R. Regalbuto, Ph.D. (NSF-USA) Program Director, Catalysis and Biocatalysis Chemical and Transport Systems Division National Science Foundation
11:00 - 11:30 - Marcelo Khaled Poppe (Brazil)
11:30 - 12:00 - Querini Carlos (Argentina): Technologies of biodiesel production, energy supply. Purification processes using water or adsorbents. Algae as alternative raw materials. Second generation fuels; alternatives of bio-oil production.
12:00 - 14:00 Lunch
Keynote presentations II (20min + 10min for questions)
14:00 - 14:30 - Maria Uriarte (Columbia University, USA)
14:30 - 15:00 - Luiz Martinelli (CENA-USP, Brazil): Water use in ethanol production in São Paulo State (Southeast Brazil): consequences on water resources
15:00 - 15:30 - Víctor Pochat (Argentina): Water use implications of biodiesel production
15:30 - 16:00 Coffee break
16:30 - 17:00 - Michael Coe (Woods Hole Research, USA)
17:00 - 17:30 - Stella Carballo (Argentina): Land use implications of biodiesel production
17:30: 17:45 Film about ethanol in Brazil (BNDES)
18:00 - 19:30 Funding Opportunities
The goal of this session is to provide information on funding opportunities for joint research, education and exchanges. Representatives of CNPqFAPESP, SECyT, and NSF will give short (~ 15 min) overviews of applicable programs within their organizations followed by questions. Participants will use this information as background as they work to develop plans for collaborative regional programs. &
20:00 Dinner (speaker possible)
An evening social event will allow participants to talk informally about the issues and make useful connections needed for discussions in next days.
Day Two - 11/08/2009
8:30-10:30 Breakout Session #1 (4 groups; 2 hrs)
The goal of this session is to look for common ground with respect to scientific questions related the land use impacts of biofuels that must be answered and research challenges that must be overcome to answer these questions. [Breakout sessions will each have a designated leader and scribe who should be identified ahead of time. The session leader will be briefed regarding the expected outcomes of the discussion. Breakout session participants will be assigned to assure mixing of disciplines and regions in each group.]
Which technologies would be more important (adequate) to minimize future impacts of biofuel production in land and water use?
Which problems related to water and land use impacts of biofuel production are of national (local) importance?
Which of these problems are of pan-american importance?
Evaluate the actual situation and desired future to minimize impacts of biofuel production on water and land use;
What would be the consequences of these pan-american solutions for the rest of the world? Economy, Society, Science, Technology and industry, biodiversity;
11:00 - 11:30 Coffee break
11:30 - 12:30 Plenary #1
The groups report back quickly (~10 min each) regarding the 3-5 scientific questions identified by each group.
12:30 - 14:00 Lunch
14:00 - 16:00 Breakout Session #2 (shuffle groups; 2 hours)
The goal is to identify the specific methods and data needed to answer the top scientific questions identified in Plenary #2. The discussion should include the interface between the disciplines and the tools needed to answer questions that span the disciplines. Begin breakout with ~10 min presentation by designated expert exemplifying high quality research that spans disciplines and is on relevant topic. [Breakout sessions will each have a designated leader and scribe who should be identified ahead of time. The session leader will be briefed regarding the expected outcomes of the discussion. Breakout session participants will be assigned to assure mixing of disciplines and regions in each group.]Questions
Are biofuels a good solution to help with the effects of the climatic changes?
Are biofuels environmentally, economically and socially viable?
What are the expected effects of biofuels production on biodiversity?
What are the possible focal points for cooperative projects between research groups from the three countries?
16:00 - 16:30 Coffee break
16:30 - 18:30 Plenary #2
Groups report back regarding methodological approaches to answering prioritized scientific questions. Combined group to discuss methods and identify groups for Breakout Sessions #3 by specific question-problem-approach to be explored further.
Day Three - 12/08/2009
8:30 - 10:30 Breakout Session #3 (groups specified)
The goal is to look for collaborative opportunities in terms of science, modeling, analysis, and training of the next generation of engineers and scientists. That is, to identify collaborations leading to proposals for joint research efforts, training grants or research exchanges. [May be useful for each participant to begin with a statement of a research or proposal idea. Gives each a chance to explain their potential contribution.]
In parallel to these activities, a group composed of the scribes will write a document with the main conclusions reached by the groups during the breakout sessions #1 and #2.
Themes for discussion
- Discuss next steps and agree on plan (action items)
- Goals for next years
- Mechanisms to improve scientific cooperation?
10:30 - 11:00 Coffee break
11:00 - 13:30 Plenary #3
Breakout groups report back to all participants on identified research ideas, projects, and initiatives.
13:00 - 14:00 Lunch
14:00 - 15:30 Closing Plenary Session
Presentation of the document drafted by the scribes: this document will be sent to every participant for editing and then sent back to scribes who will consolidate the final version.